The cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus in the family Rosaceae. Cherry trees in a garden are usually wild or sour cherries. The cherry tree differs from other Prunus trees because of its flowers, which form corymbs. The fruits are smooth and sometimes have a small groove on one side. Sometimes the cherry tree is regarded as a separate genus. The fruit is called the cherry. Cherry trees grow in the northern temperate zone: two species in North America, three in Europe and the remainder in Asia. Cherry trees grow wild in most of Europe and even in northern Africa. Cherry trees were also introduced to southern Australia. They have a very short growth period and can grow at all latitudes of the temperate zone. The peak season of cherries is summer. In Australia, they usually peak in late December; in southern Europe and North America in June; in Canada from July to mid-August; and in the UK in mid-July. The total annual production of cultivated cherries in the world since 2007 has been ca. two million tons. Approximately 40% of this comes from Europe and ca. 13% from the United States.
What do cherries contain?
Cherries contain anthocyanins and red pigment. Research has proven that anthocyanins are strong antioxidants. Cherries contain remarkable quantities of muscle sugar. They are also rich in potassium.
What are the benefits of cherries?
Cherries are good natural reducers of fever and make an effective expectorant. They also help lower blood pressure. Cherries improve digestion and promote the removal of excess salts, uric acid and water from the body. Cherry juice diluted with water is used to reduce the discomfort of trapped wind. Active coumarin and oxycoumarin prevent the formation of blood clots and the threat of heart attack.